what is basalt quizlet

basalt Flashcards and Study Sets | Quizlet

a dark colored, extrusive igneous rock, major component of oce…. granite and basalt. they cooled from magma. granite. a light colored; intrusive igneous rock, major component of co…. basalt. a dark colored, extrusive igneous rock, major component of oce….

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what is pahoehoe quizlet

Quizlet In compliance with Federal law, including Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the provisions of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, New Hanover County Schools administers all state-operated educational programs, employment

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unit 6

unit 6 - rocks and minerals Flashcards | Quizlet

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Basalt Rock

Basalt is an extrusive igneous or volcanic rock that has a low silica content, dark in color, and very rich in iron and magnesium. A basalt dark in color can be called the dark basalt. We find its applications in textile industries, fire protection. From these places, we get a clear idea that understanding basalt use is really important for us.

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How Is Basalt Formed?

 · How Is Basalt Formed? Basalt is primarily formed by the extrusion of lava flows onto the surface of the earth during a volcanic eruption. The intrusion of a narrow sill or igneous dike below the crust also results in the formation of basalt. Basalt is a type of igneous rock that is typically dark in coloration with a fine-grained texture. It is ...

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What is Basalt?

Definition of Basalt. With a name derived from the Latin for ''very hard stone'', basalt is indeed a very hard, black igneous rock found all over Earth and our solar system. It can be found not only ...

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Pillow basalt | Geology Wiki | Fandom

Pillow basalt is a type of Basaltin whichlava erupts underwater or flows into the sea. Contact with the water quenches the surface and the lava forms a distinctive pillow shape, through which the hot lava breaks to form another pillow. This "pillow" texture is very common in underwater basaltic flows and is diagnostic of an underwater eruption environment when found in ancient rocks. Pillows ...

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What Are the Differences Between Basaltic and Granitic …

 · Basaltic magma contains between 45 and 55 percent silicon dioxide and is high in magnesium, iron and calcium, while granitic magma contains between 65 and 75 percent silicon dioxide and only small amounts of those minerals. Granitic magma has high levels of potassium and sodium, while basaltic magma has very low levels of these minerals.

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What are the differences between basalt and gabbro?

Basalt and Gabbro are both Mafic Igneous rocks, having same mineralogy. The main difference between them is the process through which it formed and texture. Basalt is an extrusive fine grained igneous rock formed when the molten materials (lava) r...

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Granite and basalt Flashcards | Quizlet

granite. a light colored; intrusive igneous rock, major component of continental crust (easy to see minerals; coarse-texteured rock) basalt. a dark colored, extrusive igneous rock, major component of oceanic crust; hard to see minerals (fine grained) most important rocks …

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Basalt Flashcards | Quizlet

Start studying Basalt. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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Is an example of an igneous rock quizlet?

Intrusive, or plutonic, igneous rocks form when magma cools slowly below the Earth''s surface. Granite and gabbro are examples of phaneritic igneous rocks ne grained rocks, where the individual grains are too small to see, are called aphanitic.Basalt is an example.

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Difference Between Basalt and Granite | Difference …

 · Basalt is volcanic, or extrusive, forming at the surface, while granite is plutonic, or intrusive, forming beneath the surface. Basalt is mafic while granite is felsic. Basalt is common on both Earth and other Solar System bodies such as the Moon and Mars while granite is only common on Earth and rare elsewhere in the Solar System.

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Astronomy: Moon Flashcards | Quizlet

Basalt. How did these dark patches form? Meteors hit, Basalt floods from magma under Anorthosite crust, floods the lowlands making them smooth seas. Subjects. Arts and Humanities. Languages. Math. Science. Social Science.

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What is the mineral composition of basalt quizlet?

 · Basalt is a dark-colored, fine-grained, igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase and pyroxene minerals most commonly forms as an extrusive rock, such as a lava flow, but can also form in small intrusive bodies, such as an igneous dike or a thin sill. It has a composition similar to gabbro. ...

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Earth Science Guy: Density Lab: Gabbro, Basalt, Granite

 · According to About the density of granite ranges from 2.6-2.7 g/cm 3 and basalt is 2.8-3.0 g/cm 3. Since gabbro and basalt are made of the same minerals, their densities are similar. Gabbro''s density ranges from 2.7-3.3 g/cm 3. The day after the lab is a good time to question the students about the significance of rock densities.

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Difference Between Basalt and Granite | Compare the …

 · Basalt is an extrusive igneous rock; extrusive rocks are those that form from lava coming out of volcanoes. Cooling of intrusive rocks takes much longer than extrusive rocks. The basalt rocks split along columnar planes.

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Basalt: Igneous Rock

Basalt is a dark-colored, fine-grained, igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase and pyroxene minerals. It most commonly forms as an extrusive rock, such as a lava flow, but can also form in small intrusive bodies, such as an igneous dike or a thin sill. It has a …

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Rocks (Granite, Basalt, Sandstone, Serpentine) Flashcards | …

Granite''s shrink/swell. low. Granite''s rock type. igneous intrusive. Basalt''s rock type. igneous extrusive. basalt''s rock texture. clay, fine. Basalt''s weathered by.

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Columbia River Basalt Group

The Columbia River Basalt Group is the youngest, smallest and one of the best-preserved continental flood basalt province on Earth, covering over 210,000 km 2 (81,000 sq mi) mainly eastern Oregon and Washington, western Idaho, and part of northern Nevada. The basalt group includes the Steen and Picture Gorge basalt formations.

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Earth''s crustal bedrock at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge is. …

👍 Correct answer to the question Earth''s crustal bedrock at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge is. composed mostly of 1. Basalt with a density of 2.7 g/cm3 2. basalt, with a density of 3.0 g/cm 3. granite, with a density of 2.7 g/cm3 4.granite, with a de - e-eduanswers

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Igneous and Minerals Flashcards | Quizlet

Start studying Igneous and Minerals. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. how did dark materials magma differ from the magma that

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What is the difference between continents and ocean …

Besides, what is the difference between continental and oceanic crust quizlet? Oceanic and Continental crusts are alike because they both shift and move and grow. They differ by there rock types. Oceanic crust is made up of dense basalt while continental crust is made up of less dense granite. ...

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How many mass extinctions were there in the past quizlet?

flood basalt eruptions. Also to know is, how long ago was the largest mass extinction quizlet? The Permian-Triassic (P-Tr) extinction event, was an extinction event that occurred 251.4 million years ago, forming the boundary between the Permian How do ...

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Basalt and Granite

And the seafloor basalt ends up in pretty much the same position as does the VW - under the truck (or continent, as the case may be). This may seem like a drag for the basalt, but remember that it isn''t all that happy on the surface anyway, and this gives it the heat it needs to re-melt and try to complete the differentiation process which was so rudely interrupted at the spreading ridge.

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What type of rock is this? (igneous, metamorphic, | …

What type of rock is this? (igneous, metamorphic, or sedimentary) What are the dominant minerals in the rock? (e.g., quartz, biotite, calcite, etc What is the name of the rock? (e.g., basalt, granite, sandstone, etc.) What processes were responsible for creating this …

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Quizlet-Study-Guide-3

View Test Prep - Quizlet-Study-Guide-3 from GEOG G180 at Golden West College. Study Guide 3 What measures the acidity and alkalinity in soil? Soil pH What is fine divided, partially decomposed

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unit 6

Basalt is a dark-colored, fine-grained, igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase and pyroxene minerals. It most commonly forms as an extrusive rock, such as a lava flow, but can also form in small intrusive bodies, such as an igneous dike or a thin sill.

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Pillow lava

Pillow lavas are lavas that contain characteristic pillow-shaped structures that are attributed to the extrusion of the lava underwater, or subaqueous extrusion. Pillow lavas in volcanic rock are characterized by thick sequences of discontinuous pillow-shaped masses, commonly up to one meter in diameter. They form the upper part of Layer 2 of ...

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Pillow Basalt FAQ

 · Pillow basalt is a volcanic igneous rock that forms when lava of basaltic compositionis erupted underwater. The rapid cooling of the lava by cold water on all sides forms the pillow-shaped bodies, which can then break open and extrude more of the hot lava from inside. The rapid cooling also creates pillows that are composed of volcanic glass on ...

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Basalt. Flashcards | Quizlet

Igneous rocks. Magma cooled & solidified. Extrusive. If it cools on surface. for example: Basalt. Basalt. Most common extrusive rock in the world. Basalt Texture: Fine to medium grained igneous rock.

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What are the layers of the Earth? What are the characteristics of …

The Crust •The outermost layer •Ranging from 5-100 km thick •Thinnest layer of Earth – less than 1% of the Earth''s mass •Least DenseThe Crust •Top layer is primarily granite. Bottom layer is primarily basalt. •Two types of crust: Continental and Oceanic. •Both

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